It’s Day 126 and I was happy to do another collage style piece today! I really like today’s artist. If I’m feeling up to it, I’m going to keep painting my way through my art studio walls. Thank god the ceiling is done. Whew…not the fun kind of painting, but I can’t wait for the space to be bright, blue and beautiful. Goodbye ugly creamy yellow! Join me in celebrating John McHale today!
John McHale (born Maryhill, Glasgow 1922, died Houston,Texas 1978) was an artist and sociologist. He was a founder member of the Institute of Contemporary Arts, and a founder of the Independent Group, which was a British movement that originated Pop Art which grew out of a fascination with American mass culture and post-WWII technologies.
According to McHale’s son, the term Pop Art was first coined by his father in 1954 in conversation
with Frank Cordell, although other sources credit its origin to the British critic Lawrence Alloway. Both versions agree that the term was in use in Independent Group discussions by mid-1955.
The critic Reyner Banham called John McHale the “scholar-artist, this ‘Father of Pop'”. Alloway in his Artforum article on “Pop art Since 1949” notes that “with reference to pop art that could be demonstrated […] John McHale made collages in 1955 out of the then-fresh postwar color printed American magazines.”
McHale’s works included fine arts, graphics, exhibition design, television, film and general consultancy to organisations in the US and Europe. He exhibited widely in Europe from 1950. He started as aConstructivist artist and then transitioned into his Pop art and proto Op art. With fellow members of the Independent Group, Richard Hamilton, Reyner Banham and Lawrence Alloway he organised the Growth and Form exhibition in 1951, inspired by the work of the scientist D’Arcy Wentworth Thompson.
Although it received no financial support from the government or the Festival Office it had an
agenda which was close to the official exhibitions of the Festival of Britain. McHale with Alloway curated a Collages and Objects exhibit at the ICA in 1954, where McHale first exhibited his formative Pop Art collages including the Transistor series, and his interactive gaming collage Why I Took To The Washers In Luxury Flats.
McHale was awarded a scholarship to study with Josef Albers at the Design Department of Yale University in August 1955, and returned to London in June 1956. John McHale participated in the 1956 exhibition This Is Tomorrow at the Whitechapel Art Gallery, where he supplied a good deal of the Pop Art visual material. (Projectors, gramophone motors, film posters and probably the juke box were supplied by Frank Cordell) Jeremy Hunt states in his article on ‘This Is Tomorrow’ that the exhibition Pop Art poster Just What Is It that Makes Today’s Homes So Different, So Appealing? is attributed to “Richard Hamilton based on a design by McHale.”According to Magda Cordell, “the material in that collage came from John McHale’s files.”
Born in Scotland, McHale was educated in the United Kingdom and the United States of America, with a PhD in Sociology. McHale published extensively in Europe and the US on the impact of technology and culture, mass communications and the future.
His numerous articles include “Gropius and the Bauhaus” in Art (1955), “Josef Albers”
and “Buckminster Fuller” in Architectural Review (1956), “The Expendable Ikon #1, #2” in Architectural Design (1959),”The Fine Arts and Mass Media” in Cambridge Opinion (17)(1959), “The Plastic Parthenon” in Macatre (1966) and “2000+” in Architectural Design (1967), “Telefutures: Prospective Observations” in The New Television: A Public/Private Art, MOMA (1977),”The Future of Art and Mass Culture”, Leonardo, (Vol.12, No.1, Winter,1979, pp59–64),”The Future and Function of Art”, ART News Feb 1973,pp24–28.
His books include The Future of the Future published by Braziller in 1968, The Ecological Context, also by Braziller, in 1970, World Facts and Trends published by Collier-MacMillan in 1972, and The Changing Information Environment published by Westview Press in 1972. McHale was a member of the Southern Illinois University Design Faculty. In the 1960s he was an Associate with Buckminster Fuller in the World Resources Inventory and in the World Design Science Decade Centre at Southern Illinois University Carbondale where he co-authored a number of the reports.
Biography is from wikipedia.
When I started my piece today, I didn’t have a message in mind. Even when I got halfway through I still didn’t realize that there was a message in the piece…then I started seeing it! Please enjoy my collage in tribute to John McHale today and I will see you tomorrow on day 127! Only 239 paintings to go. Yikes. 🙂 Best, Linda